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IP 2 (Phase I): Promoting democracy in the EU and its near abroad

The project explored the question of how the European Union promotes democracy in neighboring countries of Eastern Europe and Northern Africa. These neighbouring states, including among others Ukraine and Moldavia to the East as well as Morocco and Tunisia to the South, still require considerable progress before being seen as consolidated democracies. The EU already took a significant step forward in its relations with its neighbours with the founding of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in 2003, the most important goals of which were the strengthening of the rule of law and promotion of democracy and welfare.

However, while the process of enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe proved successful in promoting democratization in the new member states, a similar effect is not expected throughout Europe's neighbourhood. In contrast to the Eastern enlargement, ENP offers participant states no prospects for eventual EU membership. The project investigated how the EU nevertheless can induce democratic change in its neighbouring countries through transnational exchange, conditionality and sector-specific cooperation and under what conditions these approaches are effective.

More information on the project:
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Project leaders:
Prof. Sandra Lavenex, University of Lucerne
Prof. Frank Schimmelfennig, ETH Zurich

Doctoral students
Tina Freyburg, ETH Zurich
Tatiana Skripka, ETH Zurich
Anne Wetzel, University of Lucerne