Module 2: Changing relations between input, throughput, and output in public governance
- external pressures driven by globalization and European integration
- internal pressures from the increasing internal fragmentation of modern society (e.g. regionalization, multiculturalism, functional differentiation)
- declining problem-solving capacity of contemporary democracies and support for their leaders
- highly complex problems that make control of appropriate knowledge a key issue for political actors
- growing demands on political authorities and resistance to the implementation of their policies
- political action is increasingly subject to media scrutiny.
In phase I (2005-2009), Module 2 was made up of four projects:
- IP 4 examined how external constraints have shaped Swiss decision-making processes and how this has affected the degree of Europeanization of Swiss policies.
- IP 5 analyzed how and why governance structures in metropolitan areas have changed over time. IP 5a focused on cantonal strategies to guide metropolitan development in Switzerland.
- IP 6 examined how and to what extent modern states are able to establish legitimacy by providing evidence of their own performance.
- IP 7 analyzed how effectively democratic structures and processes contribute to the provision of public goods.